Andes Flora: 3600 to 4200m

The Ecuadorian “paramos” occupy elevations between 3600 and 4400 meters; the predominant species is the “pajonal” (Calamagrostis intermedia); when mature it can surpass the meter of height. Among the “pajonales” appears all kinds of Andean vegetation, most of them creepers and a few grow as shrubs.

Calamagrostis intermedia

Calamagrostis intermedia

Pajonal

Ruco Pichincha. Pajonal in flower, 4130 meters

Puya sp

Puya sp

Achupalla

Mojada Lagoons. Way to the Yanahurco summit, 4125 meters

Polylepis sp.

Polylepis sp.

Árbol de papel

The Illinizas. Hiking to the Illinizas refuge, 4080 meters

Erygium humile

Erygium humile

n/a

Ruco Pichincha. Paramo path, 3980 meters

Gynoxys sp.

Gynoxys sp.

Yagual

Rumiñahui Volcano. Limpiopungo Lagoon, 4050 meters

Plantago rigida

Plantago rigida

Almohadilla

Cerro Casahuala. Hiking to the summit, 4210 meters

Diplostephium hartwegii

Diplostephium hartwegii

Chihuilasacha

Rumiñahui Volcano. Near the Limpiopungo Lagoon, 4010 meters

Gentianella foliosa

Gentianella foliosa

Genciana

The Illinizas. Hiking to the refuge, 4010 meters

Castilleja fissifolia

Castilleja fissifolia

Yawartaico - Candelilla

Cotopaxi Volcano. Northwestern face, 4108 meters