At the beginning of the 21st century, the majority of wild mammals of the Ecuadorian Andes had practically disappeared. It is at that time that the conservation of our national parks and wilderness areas begins to be taken more seriously, not only at the level of government policies, but also through education and the constant work of communities and NGOs. At present, it is still rare and it causes great admiration to see one of these free animals in the páramo; populations of deer and rabbits have recovered slightly, however some species still remain vulnerable, among them Andean bears, tapirs and pumas.

Odocoileus ustus
Odocoileus ustus
Venado

Andean deer (Odocoileus ustus). Llanganates National Park. Photo: Jaime Palacios

Odocoileus ustus
Odocoileus ustus
Venado

Andean deer (Odocoileus ustus). Antisana Volcano. Photo: Esteban Bastidas León

Sylvilagus andinus
Sylvilagus andinus
Conejo

Andean rabbit. Llanganates National Park. Photo: Jaime Palacios

Sylvilagus andinus
Sylvilagus andinus
Conejo

Andean rabbit. Termas de Papallacta. Photo: Santiago R. Ron

Tremarctos ornatus
Tremarctos ornatus
Oso andino

Oso andino. Cayambe Coca National Park. Photo: Armando Castellanos

Lama glama
Lama glama
Llama

Llama. Cotopaxi south face. Photo: Xavier Vela

Pseudalopex culpaeus
Pseudalopex culpaeus
Lobo de páramo

Paramo wolf. The Illinizas. Photo: Xavier Vela.

Puma concolor
Puma concolor
Puma

Cougar. Napo, Pan de Azúcar. Photo: WCS Ecuador

Tapirus pinchaque
Tapirus pinchaque
Tapir

Mountain tapir. Cayambe Coca National Park. Photo: Armando Castellanos

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